Facilitation assistance 'Local Initiatives in Biodiversity Conservation'
Facilitation assistance for subprojects preparation in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Protected areas (PAs) cannot be considered as completely isolated from the area surrounding them or the people (stakeholders) living in and around them. In addition to management of nature conservation features, successful management should also consider stakeholder interests, cultural aspects (including historical, archaeological, religious and spiritual interests), touristic aspects and related visitor management, education and interpretation, and social and economic aspects. Conservation managers must recognize the need to adopt an inclusive approach which takes account of the interests of all stakeholders and, as far as possible, encourages their involvement in all appropriate aspects of management planning and site management. This can be done best by promoting the clear economic benefits PAs can offer to people living in the area, which can be combined with or even benefit from the conservation goals and activities.
The project management unit of the Ministry of Physical Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of the Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina) was implementing the World Bank financed ‘Forest and Mountain Protected Areas Project’ (FMPAP). ECNC and REC provided technical facilitation assistance under the project component aiming to improve the local benefits from PAs, i.e. the local initiatives in biodiversity conservation. Under the same component of the project, a small grant fund was allocated to support biodiversity conservation efforts by local stakeholders in and around the PAs which aimed to generate wider biodiversity benefits and improve economic returns to local stakeholders involved in protected areas management.
The same project was in parallel implemented by the Federal Ministry of Environment and Tourism in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina with REC and ECNC providing the technical facilitation assistance.
The targeted protected areas are:
- Kozara National Park
- Sutjeska National Park
- Lom Forest Reserve
- Janj Forest Reserve
- Una National Park
- Blidinje Nature Park
The aim of the technical facilitation assistance was to assist local stakeholders in and around PAs, through capacity building and technical assistance, in preparing subprojects that met the funding criteria of the small grant funds which were allocated to support biodiversity conservation efforts.
The project ran from January 2012 to October 2013.
- ECNC-European Centre for Nature Conservation (project leader)
- Regional Environmental Center (REC) Country Office Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This project was funded by the World Bank via the Ministry of Physical Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of the Republic of Srpska and the Federal Ministry of Environment and Tourism in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.