Green Infrastructure


Promoting integrated peatlands management and conservation in the Russian Federation

Peatland is a type of soil that contains a high percentage of dead organic matter, mostly plants which have accumulated over thousands of years. Unlike most other ecosystems, the waterlogged conditions in peatlands and the lack of oxygen prevent micro-organisms such as bacteria and fungi from rapidly decomposing the dead plants. However, the formation of peat is a very slow process, and it takes approximately 10 years for 1 cm of peat to be formed.

While most European countries have small areas of peatlands, the most extensive areas are found in the north, particularly Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia. The remote locations and the often inhospitable climates have allowed much of the peatlands in Sweden, Norway and Russia to remain intact, but the situation in other parts of Europe has not been as favourable.

Wetlands International implemented this project. ECNC has been invited by Wetlands International to provide input to the project by preparing an overview of the current state of implementation of ecological networks in Europe and to advise on the best practice examples in Europe regarding the inclusion of peatlands in ecological networks and their possible role. This overview 'Ecological Networks in Europe - current status of implementation' and the report 'Peatlands in ecological networks in Europe' can be downloaded on the right.

Time frame

ECNC carried out its activities for this project in 2010.


This project was funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality.