Green Infrastructure


Active dissemination of environmental information in relation to the birds and habitats directive

This project is a study on improving data availability for conservation of wild birds, natural habitats and flora and fauna conservation. The assignment supports the streamlining of efforts to provide environmental information and develop/maintain information systems that currently exist at the European and national levels, and to improve interoperability between the national system and those at the European level.


The objectives of this study were to provide:

  • Information on how, in relation to the Birds and Habitats Directives, a representative cross-section of Member States organise environmental information with a view to its active and systematic dissemination to the public and ensure that environmental information progressively becomes available in electronic databases which are easily accessible to the public through public telecommunication networks.
  • Information on how, in relation to individual articles of the Birds and Habitats Directive, relevant provisions of Article 7(2) of the Access to Information Directive and relevant provisions of INSPIRE are implemented, particular attention being paid to a number of key articles of the Birds and Habitats Directive.
  • Identification of any gaps and challenges that exist in applying the provisions of Article 7 of the Access to Information Directive and the provisions of INSPIRE to information relevant to the implementation of the Birds and Habitats Directives.
  • Based on the foregoing, an identification of the main issues that need to be addressed in order to ensure that there are, within Member States, effective and coherent online information systems for key aspects of the Birds and Habitats Directives and that these information systems are inter-operable with the information systems for the Birds and Habitats Directives that have already been created at EU level. As a complement, the study is also aimed at touching on the capacity and potential for both inter-action with the public and re-use of public-sector data-sets related to these directives.


  1. Survey of the extent and quality of online information relevant to the Birds and Habitats Directive available in each of the selected Member States.
  2. Feedback on the survey findings from the key competent authorities and stakeholders and carry out related research on the current and future organisation of national information systems, touching on the related aspects of re-use of data and online interaction with the public on nature issues.
  3. Preliminary report on information systems currently in use, with a view to identifying opportunities to streamline data and improve accessibility.
  4. Expert workshop to discuss the content of the draft report.
  5. Production of final report.

Time frame

January to October 2014.


  • Arcadis Belgium
  • Spatial Applications Division of Leuven University (KU Leuven)


This project is funded by the European Commission DG Environment