Ecosystem and Species Management

Large Herbivore Network (LHNet)

Large herbivores such as European bison, wild ass (kulan) and reindeer are ambassadors for wild nature and vast landscapes. They are vital to healthy and balanced ecosystems which are of great importance to human welfare. The presence of large herbivores contributes to the social-economic profits for local people and companies.

However, Eurasia presents numerous opportunities as well as challenges for large herbivores. Many species and their habitats are threatened by landscape fragmentation, industrial developments, poaching, genetic decline and mismanagement.

The Large Herbivore Network or 'LHNet' is an independent network organization under the umbrella of ECNC. The network is committed to:

  • conserve and restore large herbivore populations in vast landscapes;
  • bring these unique species to the public’s attention; and
  • restore ecosystems in which they play a key role.

LHNet brings together experts and interested parties, as well as non-governmental and governmental organizations (NGOs and GOs), etc., of many nationalities and from a wide range of disciplines. This facilitates opportunities for people and organizations to support large herbivore conservation and ecological restoration projects.


To unite conservation efforts and to exchange information LHNet works closely with bodies such as IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature), the Council of Europe, UNEP/CMS (Convention on Migratory Species), universities and zoos.